Montpelier was home to President James Madison, Father of the Constitution and Architect of the Bill of Rights, and Dolley Madison, America’s first "First Lady."
It was here at Montpelier where James Madison shaped the ideas that would become the U.S. Constitution. For six months Madison sat in his upstairs library, where he meticulously studied past forms of governments and organized his thoughts into what he believed were the ideal principles for a representative democracy. Madison’s ideas would become the “Virginia Plan,” and later the framework for the Constitution.
The Montpelier estate features the mansion, garden, historic buildings, exhibits, archaeological sites, and forests trails. Spend an hour or two—or a full day with family and friends—strolling the grounds, picnicking, and learning more about the Constitution, James Madison, and Montpelier.
March 31 to November 1: 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.
(first tour starts at 9:30 a.m.; last tour starts at 4:00 p.m.)
*Open 7 days a week.
November 2 to January 3: 10:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m.
(first tour starts at 11:00 a.m.; last tour starts at 3:00 p.m.)
On Thanksgiving weekend (Friday, Nov. 27-Sunday, Nov. 29) & Christmas weekend (Saturday, Dec. 26-Sunday, Dec. 27), tours hours are extended from 10:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m.
Please note, Montpelier is closed on Thanksgiving Day, Christmas Day
(Note: Many places fill to capacity on busy, nice weather days, especially holiday weekends. Please call ahead or visit the official website to get the most up-to-date information before visiting.)
Restrooms are located in the Visitor Center and in the Archaeology Lab. There are no restrooms in the Mansion.
The Courtyard Café and Museum Shop are located in the Visitor Center.
Because the grounds, gardens, and archaeological sites are such an essential part of the Montpelier experience, we recommend that visitors wear comfortable clothing and walking shoes.
Benches are available for visitors both inside and outside the mansion, and along the walkways to the garden and forests. Picnic tables are available behind the visitor center.
James Madison's Montpelier strives to provide the best possible accessibility to the Mansion, grounds, and facilities to meet our visitors’ diverse abilities and needs. However, spending time at Montpelier does involve a fair amount of standing and walking, including a 2/3–mile round-trip walk with an incline from the Visitor Center to the Mansion. There are eight handicapped parking spaces available at the Visitor Center. Accessible restrooms, each with a water fountain nearby, are located in the Visitor Center. There are no restrooms in the mansion..
All paths in visitor core areas, plus the archaeology lab, hands-on tent, and cooking demo, are wheelchair accessible. The mansion is three stories, including the cellars. The first floor and cellar of the mansion are wheelchair accessible; All second floor exhibits are available in the form of booklets and individual DVD players.
If you need assistance with mobility, we recommend that you bring your own wheelchair. Three standard wheelchairs are available at the Visitor Center at no extra charge on a first-come, first-served basis. Three motorized scooters are available at the Visitor Center for a fee of $10 each. The motorized scooters have a 250 lb. capacity.
Hearing Impaired: The introductory film at the Visitor Center, Constitution presentation in the Mansion, and War of 1812 film are closed-captioned. Printed Audioguide scripts and house tour scripts are also available for the deaf and hearing-impaired.
Visually Impaired: Blind and partially sighted visitors can experience their tour with the added touch of objects and more in-depth visual descriptions. Certified service dogs are allowed in the house only when utilized for assisted care.
This well-preserved 2,650-acre estate in Orange County, Virginia, was the lifelong home of James Madison. Its history begins with settlement by James Madison's grandfather in the 1720s, and includes slaves who worked and lived on the plantation, Civil War soldiers who encamped on the property, and a freedman's family who lived and farmed here after Emancipation.
In 1901 Montpelier was purchased by William duPont, a leading industrialist, and it remained in the duPont family for most of the 20th century. Upon the senior William duPont's death in 1928, Montpelier became the home of his daughter Marion duPont Scott. She and her brother, William, transformed Montpelier into one of the nation's leading equestrian estates and played an important role in establishing and promoting racing on the flat and steeplechasing in America.
Following Mrs. Scott's death, ownership of Montpelier was transferred in 1984 by her heirs to the National Trust for Historic Preservation in accordance with Mrs. Scott's bequest. The Montpelier Foundation, an independent non-profit organization, was later established by the Trust for the purpose of managing Montpelier. The Montpelier Foundation assumed full financial and administrative responsibility in 2000.
In 2003 The Montpelier Foundation began the restoration of the Montpelier mansion to the 1820s home that James and Dolley Madison knew and loved. The architectural restoration was celebrated on Constitution Day, September 17, 2008. Since that time, the Montpelier Foundation has used the same focus on authenticity to furnish the house and restore the grounds of the property and bring back the homes of the enslaved community who lived at and built Montpelier.